12 Arctic Birds You Need to Know About


arctic birds

Did you know that the Arctic is home to more than just polar bears? In fact, the Arctic is teeming with wildlife, including a variety of birds. Here are twelve of the most common arctic birds that you need to know about.

1. White-tailed Eagle

A bird flying in the air

The white-tailed eagle is the largest bird of prey in Europe, with a wingspan that can reach up to 2.5 meters. These magnificent birds are mostly found near coasts and large bodies of water, where they hunt for fish, rodents, and other small animals.

2. Gyrfalcon

A colorful bird perched on a tree branch

The gyrfalcon is the largest member of the falcon family, and is also one of the fastest flying birds in the world. These powerful predators are mainly found in the Arctic tundra, where they hunt for ptarmigans, lemmings, and other small prey.

3. Snowy Owl

The snowy owl is a large, striking bird that is easily recognizable by its white plumage. These beautiful birds are often seen in the Arctic tundra, where they hunt for lemmings, voles, and other small mammals.

4. Northern Raven

The northern raven is a member of the crow family, and is one of the largest ravens in the world. These intelligent birds are often seen in the Arctic tundra, where they feed on carrion and small animals.

5. Ptarmigan

The ptarmigan is a type of grouse that is closely related to the chicken. These hardy birds are well-adapted to life in the Arctic tundra, where they feed on willow leaves and other vegetation.

6. Arctic Tern

The arctic tern is a small, agile bird that is known for its long migrations. These determined birds breed in the Arctic tundra but spend the winter months in southern regions, such as Africa and Australia.

7. Common Eider

The common eider is a type of duck that is closely related to the domestic chicken. These hardy birds are often seen near coasts and large bodies of water, where they feed on mollusks and other small animals.

8. Rock Ptarmigan

The rock ptarmigan is a type of grouse that is closely related to the chicken. These hardy birds are well-adapted to life in the Arctic tundra, where they feed on willow leaves and other vegetation.

9. Whooper Swan

The whooper swan is a large, elegant bird that is easily recognizable by its long neck and distinctive call. These beautiful birds are often seen near lakes and rivers, where they feed on aquatic plants and small animals.

10. Atlantic Puffin

The Atlantic puffin is a small, stocky bird that is easily recognizable by its brightly colored beak. These charming birds are often seen near coasts, where they feed on small fish and other marine life.

11. Common Murre

The common murre is a type of seabird that is closely related to the penguin. These hardy birds are often seen near coasts and large bodies of water, where they feed on small fish and other marine life.

12. Lapland Longspur

The Lapland longspur is a small, sparrow-like bird that is easily recognizable by its black-and-white plumage. These hardy birds are often seen in the Arctic tundra, where they feed on willow leaves and other vegetation.

Did you know that the Arctic is home to such a wide variety of birds? Next time you’re in the Arctic, be sure to keep an eye out for these twelve amazing arctic birds!

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