Any bird which kills any animal for its food is called a bird of prey. Birds prey animals through their techniques of chasing. Bird prey vertebrates mainly. Birds of prey have sharp eyesight for catching their prey perfectly. They also have nails in their feet to catch hold of animals they want to eat. Vultures are one of the examples of a bird of prey.
We can classify birds of prey into two types- Strigiformes and Falconiformes.
They are the class of birds of prey, which comprises of owls. We can divide them into two families named Tytonidae and Strigidae. These birds of prey are nocturnal. Strigiformes bird prey during the night. They have got limited eyesight to detect animals and their movement during the night time.
They are flesh-eating birds and diurnal too. These kinds of birds have short, stout hooped bills. Also, to prey, they have strong feet with four toes. Falconiformes that are young are helpless at hatching. They consist of the eagles, hawks, vultures, and related birds. They are also known as raptors. We get raptor from rapio, a Latin word. Rapio means taking something by force.
Generally, all the birds of prey have sharp curved claws and hook-tipped beaks. Almost all the bird of prey have similarities in living their predatory life. All of these birds hunt similarly too.
Examples Of Birds Of Prey
1. Kestrel- They have a habit of hovering while hunting, which makes them different from the other categories of birds while hunting. These kinds of birds eat other birds and giant insects. They are significantly Old World birds. There are many groups of Krestel, such as Malar-striped clade, Basal lineage, African grey kestrels, and American kestrels.
2. Merlin- Merlin is also known as Falco Columbarius. They are a small falcon and are found at high latitudes at the Northern Hemisphere and breed in conifer and birch woods. These birds are swift fliers. Merlin accelerates after its prey. It also eats rodents and insects. Most of them are migratory, and they migrate to the south for breeding. May and June are the main seasons of their breeding. The population of Merlin in North America has been significantly increasing. They have many subspecies, such as the American group and the Eurasian group. Merlin has a wingspan of 50-73 cm.
3. Songbird- Songbird is also called passerine. They are from the category of Passeriformes. They have highly developed vocal organs. They live almost in every kind of place such as forest, grassland, etc. They are also called Oscines. We can say from evidence that they evolved from the site named Gondwana. They have vocal cords to make them diverse and elaborate bird song. Songbirds are from one of the two lineages- Tyranni and Neotropics.
Birds Prey: Conclusion
Birds of prey catch their prey both in the day and night time. We can classify them according to the time and style of their hunting. Mostly, all the bird of prey shows a similar type of predating behavior. They use their eyesight and specialized claws to catch hold of their prey. Those birds hunt on different kinds of animals such as insects, mammals, reptiles, etc.