Fixing broken animal bones has become much more comfortable with advancements in veterinary science. Things that were not possible even five years ago are today. Researchers and doctors are working day and night to come up with better ideas to be able to help animals. Many new ways of treatment and surgery have come up over the years. However, fixing broken bones of birds has remained a challenge. Birds have very light bones that allow them to fly. So, while replacing broken ones, you have to put in a suitable alternative that is equally light. If not, then it might be disruptive for the birds in flying.
Fixing Broken Bird Bones Successfully
Birds mostly suffer injury and fractures to the bones in their wings. That is not very difficult to fix. However, the challenge is to find a material that is light enough not to disrupt their flying. Currently, the procedure to repair broken wing bones uses metal screws. After putting those into the wings, it appeared to be affecting the birds’ ability to fly smoothly. Metal pins are heavier than bird bones, and this was a concern.
Another big concern was that these pins needed removal after the healing process was complete. Removal had to be done by another surgical procedure. That was a cause of undue stress for the birds.
A group of doctors in an Iranian Veterinary School called Shiraz Institute came up with a smart alternative to the problem caused by metal pins. They suggested the use of dog and sheep bones to do the same work that metal pins did. They carefully studied the effects of dog and sheep bone elements over metal pins.
For this study, they made four groups of pigeons with similar wing bone injury. While one group had bandaged wings, the second group made use of metal pins. The third and fourth groups of pigeons received pins made of dog and sheep bones. In the initial weeks after treatment, the doctors saw that the pigeons in the third and fourth group had no difficulty flying, also no problem with balance. After 32 weeks, the pigeons having the sheep and dog bone pins healed the best. The pigeons with sheep bone pins started showing signs of recovery quickest, while those with dog bone pins were a close second.
Findings And Conclusion
The results of this study are a massive achievement in the field of modern veterinary science. The use of pins made of animal bones solves several issues. A big plus point was that these bone pins did not need removal and fused into the bird’s skeletal system after a while. So no removal procedure was necessary.
However, to reduce the chances of rejection or infection, the bones need to be treated in hydrogen peroxide to remove the grease. Further, they require careful sterilization using ethylene dioxide. It is also important to note that, according to this study, ovine bones (sheep) induce better healing power to the birds. So, arguably, it might be the best type of pins to use for treating birds. The doctors of the said hospital are carrying on this form of treatment to other birds brought to their hospital.