Birds are amazing creatures. Some birds can fly at a speed of over 200 mph while other birds cannot fly at all. Some birds migrate to find food and a conducive environment. Other birds adapt to their changing environment. Birds that migrate show different patterns of Migration. The following are the common types of bird Migration patterns.
Seasonal Migration is the most common pattern among many birds. It’s also predictable. Birds move between breeding and non-breeding seasons. The climax of this Migration usually is during the fall and spring season. In some regions, the Migration is marked by dry and wet season indicators.
Bird Migration Patterns: Latitudinal Migration
The Migration is the movement of birds from one latitude to the other. Typically, it’s the Migration of birds from north to south latitude and vice versa. Physical structures such as mountain ranges determine the exact migration direction. The migration pattern is familiar with African birds.
Similar to latitudinal patterns, this Migration is the movement of birds from east to west. Longitudinal Migration is a typical migration for birds in Europe.
Bird Migration Patterns: Altitudinal Migration
Birds that breed on high mountains exhibit altitudinal migration. The birds migrate to lower levels, especially when there is harsh weather in the mountains. Altitudinal Migration is common during deep snowfall. Birds that migrate from high altitudes do not cover huge mileage. They normally migrate for a few hundred feet below their common breeding habitat.
Loop migrants follow a specific annual circle. Migration involves the use of two different routes to and from their breeding habitat. Birds migrate in one direction and come back following a different way. Loop patterns are shared with seabirds. They use different routes depending on the wind patterns
Bird Migration Patterns: Nomadic Migration
Nomadic movement is unpredictable. The availability of water and food resources determines the Migration. Nomadic birds stay in the same area as long as there are food and water. When these resources are not available, the birds migrate. They settle at places where they find food.
Irruptive birds are highly unpredictable. They move in a spectacular migration that brings large numbers of birds to unique areas. The birds are common in areas that are far beyond their habitat. The birds migrate to search for water, food, and a pleasant climate.
Bird Migration Patterns: Dispersal MigrationBird Migration Patterns: Molt Migration
Young birds are forced to move away from their hatching grounds. The juvenile birds, therefore, combine with other immature birds and go out to seek their habitat. The original territory lives the fully-grown birds.
Reverse Migration is a confused migration pattern by young birds. Instead of migrating to the expected route, some birds get disoriented and move to the opposite direction. The birds end up getting lost from their traditional locations.
Bird Migration Patterns: Molt Migration
Some birds leave their natural breeding areas and go to areas that are more secure and safe. The birds migrate from their territory when they encounter a threat. After some time, the birds return to their natural habitat.
Drift migration is rare. It’s usually, Migration of a large number of birds moving away from their migration route. Thus, this happens, especially when they encounter intense storms.
Different birds use more than one migration pattern. For example, when threatened, birds will move away from their habitat and come back later. Severe storms can push away the birds as they are migrating to search for food. Thus, this would completely change their migration patterns.